But what the 31-year-old does have, he said, is a newborn baby at home, rent due next month, and a growing fear of being evicted.
“The hourly workers, the lower-down workers, we don’t have any kind of surety right now,” said Churchman, who also struggled to pay rent last month due to bills related to his new baby, soon to be 7 weeks old. He received an extension from his landlord while he scrambled to scrounge up donations, and he’s hoping for the same charity this time. “We’re just all scratching our heads, like, what are we going to do?”
“We’re just all scratching our heads, like, what are we going to do?”
He’s not alone. Advocates for the poor fear that many low-income Americans — either because they lack the paid sick days they’ll need for quarantine, or because scores of low-wage, freelance, and tip-reliant jobs are in turmoil — won’t be able to pay their bills in two weeks. That could spell disastrous waves of evictions or foreclosures across the country, not to mention utility shut-offs, late fees, and an inability to afford basic survival needs.
Sens. Elizabeth Warren and Jeff Merkley wrote to President Donald Trump Thursday to demand a stop on foreclosures and evictions for properties owned or insured by a slew of federal housing and finance authorities. The legislators noted similar moratoriums have been used locally during natural disasters, and are appropriate here because “the pandemic has already proven to be equally or more disruptive, deadly, and widespread.”
Freezing the legal process
Some of the nation’s largest cities and states are currently taking urgent action bit by bit to control the problem. Realizing that people could soon be pushed into homelessness due to lost wages, police in Miami-Dade said Thursday that they wouldn’t help landlords with evictions — essentially freezing the legal process to formally remove tenants. Officials in San Jose are also racing to grant a 30-day moratorium on evicting any tenants able to prove they’ve lost wages because of the virus. Legislators in San Francisco, Los Angeles, Sacramento, Philadelphia,and New York State say they’re working to push through similar proposals.
There have been more than 1,600 confirmed U.S. cases of COVID-19, the disease caused by the novel coronavirus, since the first domestic case was recorded in late January, according to the latest data from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. But the number is believed to be significantly higher because of a nationwide shortage of tests for COVID-19. Most states have seen at least one case, while renter-dense states like California and New York are facing hundreds already. Some major employers are updating their sick-leave policies to ensure workers aren’t penalized if they have COVID-19 or need to care for their loved ones. But sick pay for low-income workers in the U.S. continues to be limited and rare. And many freelance and gig workers lack even a modicum of those benefits.
“The very least policymakers can do during a national health emergency is ensure that more people are not pushed into homelessness through evictions or foreclosures, particularly when our collective protection against the spread of the illness depends on our ability to self-isolate at home,” said Diane Yentel, president and CEO of the National Low Income Housing Coalition.
“Our collective protection against the spread of the illness depends on our ability to self-isolate at home”
Advocates in the cities and states that haven’t yet passed moratoriums are pushing the panic button. City Life/Vida Urbana, a housing justice group in Boston, argued this week that all of Massachusetts’ housing court proceedings should be quashed until the end of the declared state of emergency. (Massachusetts legislators, heeding their concerns, introduced an eviction and foreclosure moratorium Friday.)
Advocates there say their demands aren’t just sourced from clients facing foreclosures and evictions during the outbreak; Boston’s housing court is itself a “petri dish” that’s often packed “shoulder-to-shoulder” with tenants, attorneys, and court employees, according to Andres Del Castillo, a lead organizer with the group.
“These are folks that are about to not have work, or are currently being told to not come to work,” said Del Castillo. “In the middle of this whole scare, this crisis, there isn’t an assessment of the ripple effects that this will have.”